Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.6/1946
Título: Influence of stormwater infiltration on the treatment capacity of a LECA-based horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland
Autor: Amado, Ligia
Albuquerque, António
Espirito Santo, Antonio
Palavras-chave: Stormwater
Wetlands
Macrófitas
Nutrient removal
Remoção de azoto
Subsurface flow
Infiltration
Hydraulic loading rate
Data: Fev-2012
Editora: Elsevier
Resumo: This research work evaluates the impact of stormwater infiltration on the removal of organics, solids, nitrogen and phosphorus in a LECA-based horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland. Stormwater runoff for the period between January 2008 and June 2010 (30 months) was estimated for the drainage basin of the Vila Fernando wastewater treatment plant (constructed wetland system) and it was observed proportionality between the increase in surface runoff and the infiltration flow rate that reached the plant. The average stormwater infiltration rate that reached the plant was 67.4 m(3) d(-1) (77% of the influent flow rate into the plant). The 30 month monitoring campaign set up at one of the reed beds showed that stormwater infiltration led to a high variation of the hydraulic loading rate (HLR) throughout the bed, which affected its performance in the removal of organic matter, suspended solids and nitrogen. For a HLR below 20 cm d-1 the removal efficiencies for BOD5, COD and TSS doubled. The removal of nitrogen was too low and was associated with the weak development of nitrifying biofilm and the poor growth of reeds. However, it was observed a good relationship between the applied and removed loads for most of the parameters, which seems to indicate that the organic, solid, nitrogen and phosphorus loading rates influenced the respective removal rates. The use of a bed material with high specific surface area, such as LECA, can only improve the treatment capacity of horizontal subsurface flow systems if the organic and solid loading rates, as well as the HLR, can be effectively controlled.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.6/1946
ISSN: 0925-8574
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