Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.6/3235
Título: Disposable immunosensor for diagnosis of human cytomegalovirus congenital infection
Autor: Pires, Filipa Andreia Velez
Orientador: Dias-Cabral, Ana Cristina
Martínez, Maria Júlia Arcos
Palavras-chave: Citomegalovírus humano - Infecção congénita
Imunosensores
Electrodos serigrafados
Glicoproteína B
Data de Defesa: 2013
Resumo: Human cytomegalovirus is a herpes virus which can cause pneumonia, retinitis, colitis and encephalopathies in immunosuppress individuals, as transplanted ones, persons infected by HIV, and individuals with immature immune system, like fetuses and newborns. In the last ones microcephaly, small body size, hepatomegaly, blindness, deafness and mental retardation can also be observed. This infection is the most frequent cause of embryogenic and fetal pathology induced by a virus. In the actuality, the diagnosis of HCMV is based on clinical and immunologic data. There are several methods for HCMV detection: the virus isolation in fibroblasts culture, the shell-vial method, the PCR technique, the ELISA test and the western blotting technique. However all of them require a long period of time to perform or are costly which is problematic for diagnosis. Therefore, an immunosensor was developed for human cytomegalovirus glycoprotein B detection based on electrochemical stripping analysis of silver nanoparticles. In this sandwich type immunosensor, the silver deposition solution is added to the electrode surface where the gold nanoparticles attached to antibodies, will catalyze the reduction reaction of silver ions, leading to the formation of silver nanoparticles. The higher concentration of analytes means that more amounts of gold nanoparticles are capture on the sensor surface, producing more silver nanoparticles. The silver nanoparticles are dissolved and measured by anodic stripping voltammetry. This method allows a faster and, we expect, a more sensitive way to detect HCMV.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.6/3235
Designação: Dissertação apresentada à Universidade da Beira Interior para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Biotecnologia
Aparece nas colecções:FC - DQ | Dissertações de Mestrado e Teses de Doutoramento

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