Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.6/3873
Título: Unsupervised learning of ontology for the medical domain
Autor: Bastos, Sónia Margarida Ferreira de
Orientador: Dias, Gaël
Palavras-chave: Ciência da computação - Ciências da informação - Ontologia
Web semântica - Ontologia
UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)
Data de Defesa: 2009
Resumo: Tom Gruber (1993) defines Ontology as ”an explicit specification of a conceptualization.” Due two the enormous quantity of information available, there is a growing number of applications that perform tasks where lexical-semantic resources are needed, like Information Retrieval, intelligent search or machine translation. This shows that Natural Language Processing is becoming more dependent on semantic information. One of the main motivations in ontology building is the possibility of knowledge sharing and reuse across different applications. The start point is to fixed a particular domain (like medicine), which is expected to be the base of domain knowledge for a variety of applications. This is a difficult task as the domain knowledge strongly depends on the particular task at hand. This paper is an approach on ontology learning, for which it was selected the Medical Domain, so that we could have a base to compare and evaluate the resulting ontology. In our approach, we use different techniques, like Asymmetric Association Measures, clustering algorithm and text rank algorithm, so that we can obtain relations between a set of terms, which are rank by the degree of generality, like the cluster obtained by applying clustering algorithms, with the confidence measure as the values for the similarity matrix, to the set of terms, the generality clusters. Those clusters are then submitted to clustering algorithm, but with Symmetric Conditional Probability values in the similarity matrix, to obtain domain clusters within the generality clusters. In the future, this ontology may be used in acquisition of Lexical Chains for Text Summarization, as in other Natural Language Processing applications.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.6/3873
Designação: Mestrado em Tecnologias e Sistemas de Informação
Aparece nas colecções:FE - DI | Dissertações de Mestrado e Teses de Doutoramento

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