Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.6/649
Título: On extensibility effects in the cross-slot flow bifurcation
Autor: Rocha, Gerardo N.
Poole, R. J.
Alves, Maria Arminda Costa
Oliveira, Paulo Jorge dos Santos Pimentel de
Palavras-chave: Cross-slot
FENE models
Instability predictions
Data: 2009
Resumo: The flow of finite-extensibility models in a two-dimensional planar cross-slot geometry is studied numerically, using a finite-volume method, with a view to quantifying the influences of the level of extensibility, concentration parameter, and sharpness of corners, on the occurrence of the bifurcated flow pattern that is known to exist above a critical Deborah number. The work reported here extends previous studies, in which the viscoelastic flow of upper-convected Maxwell (UCM) and Oldroyd-B fluids (i.e. infinitely extensionable models) in a cross-slot geometry was shown to go through a supercritical instability at a critical value of the Deborah number, by providing further numerical data with controlled accuracy.We map the effects of the L2 parameter in two different closures of the finite extendable non-linear elastic (FENE) model (the FENE-CR and FENE-P models), for a channel-intersecting geometry having sharp, “slightly” and “markedly” rounded corners. The results show the phenomenon to be largely controlled by the extensional properties of the constitutive model, with the critical Deborah number for bifurcation tending to be reduced as extensibility increases. In contrast, rounding of the corners exhibits only a marginal influence on the triggering mechanism leading to the pitchfork bifurcation, which seems essentially to be restricted to the central region in the vicinity of the stagnation point.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.6/649
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